India, Raj and Empire Primary Documents Preview

Explore the history of South Asia between the foundation of the East India Company in 1615 and the granting of independence to India and Pakistan in 1947, through the wonderfully rich and diverse manuscript collections of the National Library of Scotland.

Abstract of Lord Cornwallis's letters to Mr. Dundas, 1790-1794. 1790-1794 NLS MS.3388
Account of Ceylon by Lieut.-Colonel David Robertson, 1799. 1799 NLS MS.3970
Accounts and receipts of the Nanoo Oya and Talawa Kelle estates, Ceylon, 1846-1867. 1846-1867 NLS MS.19726
Administrative and business papers relating to Basil Cochrane's trial and his supply of liquor to the Company's troops, 1780-1787. 1780-1787 NLS MS.8459
Administrative and personal papers of James Stuart, 1781-1783. 1781-1783 NLS MS.8430
Administrative papers of James Stuart, 1776-1787, n.d. 1776-1787 NLS MS.8429
Appendix to Lord Cornwallis's letters to Mr Dundas, 1788-1792. 1788-1792 NLS MS.3386
Autobiographical notes by Sir Hugh McPherson containing some brief notes and a fuller account of his life from 1920 to 1925. 1920-1925 NLS MS.19613
Autobiographical notes by Sir Hugh McPherson describing his home, family and early life up to 1891. n.d. NLS MS.19612
Bhagavadgita n.d. NLS MS.3014
Bihar and Orissa. A lecture delivered by Sir Hugh McPherson...before the Royal Geographical Society, Patna, 1931. 1931 NLS MS.19614
A Breviate of a selection of passages from the Company's records, concerning the Nawab of Arcot, the characters of his sons, and the attempts to set aside the succession settled by the Mogul's Phurmaund, n.d. n.d. NLS MS.1065
The Cape Route to India. 1782-1812 NLS MS.1070
The Case of Brigadier General Stuart together with the Defence of that Officer's conduct during the Change of Government within the Presidency of Fort St. George in August, 1776, 1778. 1776-1778 NLS MS.8420
Cash-book of James Stuart, 1784-1791. 1784-1791 NLS MS.5389
Ceremonial elephants. n.d. NLS ACC.6525
"CHANDI PAT SAT SAI," or "The Catechism of the Reading (or worship) of Chandi" in Sanskrit. n.d. NLS MS.69
Complete Collection of Papers relative to the Magazine of Rice at Pulicat, 1782-1783, 1786. 1782-1786 NLS MS.8427
The Conduct from April to July, 1783, ... respecting the Operations of the Southern Force. 1783 NLS MS.8412
Contents of Mr. Dundas's letters to the Marquis Wellesley ... Governor-General of India, 1798-1800. 1798-1800 NLS MS.1062
Copies and drafts of correspondence, 1786, concerning the duel fought between James Stuart and Lord Macartney, 1786. 1786 NLS MS.8439
Copies and drafts of letters of James Stuart to East India Company officials and politicians in London and local officials, 1776-1782, n.d. 1776-1782 NLS MS.8352
Copies and drafts of letters of James Stuart to East India Company officials and politicians in London and local officials, 1783-1790, n.d. 1783-1790 NLS MS.8353
Copies and extracts of correspondence of James Stuart, April-July, and October, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8406
Copies of correspondence and minutes of the Select Committee, Madras, September, 1782-April, 1783. 1782-1783 NLS MS.8407
Copies of correspondence, papers, etc., 1784-1787, in favour of Basil Cochrane, sent to the Directors of the East India Company to clear his character after the trial. 1784-1787 NLS MS.8462
Copies of letters of George and Robert Arbuthnot, at this time secretaries to the Governor of Ceylon, 1801-1802. 1801-1802 NLS MS.5208
Copies of letters of James Stuart in his own hand, 18 September - 9 October, 1783, to officials of the East India Company, written during his confinement in Madras. 1783 NLS MS.8351
Copy of a journal kept by Benjamin Heyne, assistant on the Mysore survey, during a journey from Madras to Bangalore. n.d. NLS MS.9496
Correspondence (1799-1914), mainly from Thomas Smith, when a missionary in Calcutta. 1799-1914 NLS MS.7185
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 1-10 July, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8347
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 1-10 June, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8343
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 1-10 May, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8340
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 1-17 September, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8349
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 1-21 April, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8338
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 11-20 July, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8348
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 11-20 June, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8344
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 11-20 May, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8341
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 17-30 September, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8350
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 20-25 June, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8345
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 21-30 May, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8342
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), 26-30 June, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8346
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), April, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8339
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), February, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8336
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), March, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8337
Correspondence and administrative papers of James Stuart, Commander-in-Chief of the East India Company's forces based on Fort St George (Madras), October, 1782. 1782 NLS MS.8335
Correspondence and papers of Charles Stuart, then a member of the Bengal Council, and later a professor of Oriental Languages at the East India College, Haileybury, 1784-1792. 1784-1792 NLS MS.9368
Correspondence and papers of General Stuart and Basil Cochrane relating to the administration and government of Madras and other issues, 1783. 1783 NLS MS.8411
Correspondence and papers sent to Henry Dundas on the Madras Government, Tanjore and Arcot debts and dynastic disputes in the royal house, 1786-1801. 1786-1801 NLS MS.9369
Correspondence between officials of the East India Company and Indian Princes, 1767. 1767 NLS MS.8403
Correspondence concerning shipping and trading transactions at Calcutta, September, 1774-February, 1775. 1774-1775 ADV MS.80.1.13
Correspondence of and concerning James Stuart, largely relating to his arrest of Lord Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and to the administration of Tanjore, 1777, 1775-1777. 1775-1777 NLS MS.5387
Correspondence of and concerning James Stuart, largely relating to his arrest of Lord Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and to the administration of Tanjore, 1777, 1777-1793. 1777-1793 NLS MS.5388
Correspondence of Charles Steuart, Cashier and Paymaster, American Board of Customs, 1784-1797, n.d. 1784-1797 NLS MS.5041
Correspondence of Hugh Seton, who left England in disgrace in 1786 and travelled compulsively in India, 1786-1795. 1786-1795 NLS MS.19207
Correspondence of James Stuart with officials and officers of the East India Company, January-April, 1781. 1781 NLS MS.8404
Correspondence of Patrick Geddes, 1892-1931, with Raymond Unwin the architect, Sardar Kibe, Finance Minister of Indore, Albert J. Saunders the sociologist and others. 1892-1931 NLS MS.19260
Correspondence of Sir Charles Hunter, Bart., of Plas Côch and Alexander Hood, and their agents concerning the estate of Andrew Hunter, 1866-1869. 1866-1869 NLS MS.19723
Correspondence regarding army personnel who have served in India, 1783-1828. 1783-1828 NLS MS.1073
Correspondence regarding civil servants and other civilians who have served or lived in India, 1785-1828. 1785-1828 NLS MS.1072
Correspondence relating to Basil Cochrane's administrative and business affairs in India, 1778-1785. 1778-1785 NLS MS.8456
Correspondence relating to Basil Cochrane's administrative and business affairs in India, 1786-1789, n.d. 1786-1789 NLS MS.8457
Defence of Basil Cochrane, 1787, as delivered by him at his trial, with copies of correspondence, 1784-1787. 1784-1787 NLS MS.8461
Descriptions of travels by Duncan H. McPherson, 1937-1944. 1937-1944 NLS MS.19618
Diary of Alexander Kyd Lindesay (1801-1878), surgeon, Bengal Medical Service, 1821-1829. 1821-1829 NLS MS.13599
Diary of Andrew Hunter recording daily activities on his coffee estates and social engagements in Ceylon, 1862. 1862 NLS MS.19724
Diary of Andrew Hunter recording daily activities on his coffee estates and social engagements in Ceylon, 1865. 1865 NLS MS.19725
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, April 1853-April 1854. 1853-1854 NLS MS.14213
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, April 1854-March 1856. 1854-1856 NLS MS.14214
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, Aug.1851-Jan.1852. 1851-1852 NLS MS.14208
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, Feb.-July 1851. 1851 NLS MS.14207
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, Jan-April 1852. 1852 NLS MS.14209
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, July-Sept. 1852. 1852 NLS MS.14211
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, May-July 1852. 1852 NLS MS.14210
Diary of Colonel James Halkett, Sept. 1852-Mar. 1853. 1852-1853 NLS MS.14212
Diary of Ensign Hugh Halkett kept while he was stationed in Bombay, 1832-1833. 1832-1833 NLS MS.14201
Diary of Major Douglas Cunninghame Graham, including colour sketches, relating to hunting expeditions in india, 1828-1830. 1828-1839 NLS ACC.10702
Dispatch of Cornwallis to Dundas, 1794, on the best mode of re-modelling the Army in India. 1794 NLS MS.1061
East India Company 'Eastern' shipping, 1786-1817, 1825, n.d. 1786-1825 NLS MS.1066
Eluttaccan Adhyatma Ramayanam. n.d. NLS ADV.MS.81.1.8
Extracts in James Stuart's hand from his letter-books and other correspondence, 1782-83. 1782-1783 NLS MS.8405
Fair copy of Indian administrative and other correspondence, November, 1782-October, 1783. 1782-1783 NLS MS.8408
'Fakirs and musicians', a watercolour by a Murshidabad artist, early 19th century. n.d. NLS MS.16488
Firishtah's History of India. n.d. NLS MS.3182
Ganapatisukta and Santisutra n.d. NLS ADV.MS.13.2.13
History of Kashmir, by Narayan Kul, called 'Ajiz', composed A.D. 1710. 1710 NLS MS.3184
Index of letters to India Governments of Sir Thomas Cochrane and index of letters from Sir William Parker, 1842-1847. 1842-1847 NLS MS.2421
Journal and commonplace book of John Charles Brown, a private soldier in the 3rd European Bengal Regiment, during the Indian Uprising, 1855-1861. 1855-1861 NLS MS.15393
Journal of the expedition to the Zhob Valley, 1890. 1890 NLS MS.2553
Journal of James A. Grant describing his service in the Second Sikh War, 1848-1849. 1848-1849 NLS MS.17913
Journal of James A. Grant describing hunting expeditions in North India with John Hanning Speke, 1852-1854. 1852-1854 NLS MS.17914
Journal of James Stuart entitled 'Short Journal of Occurrences from the 11th July [1780], the Day General Stuart left Madras on his Journey to the Northern Circaars' and related papers. [1780] NLS MS.8431
Journal of Lieut.-General Sir Frederick William Traill-Burroughs of Trumland, describing the march through Fategarh, Cawnpore, and Unao to Lucknow, 1858. 1858 NLS MS.2234
Journal of Occurrences in Committee and on Army Matters, 6 September-31 December, 1782 1782 NLS MS.8433
Journal, 1827-1828, of a voyage from Port Glasgow to Bombay and the Persian Gulf, containing detailed descriptions of the people and customs of places visited. 1827-1828 NLS MS.9594
Journals, diaries and memorandums of James Stuart on military and political affairs in India, 1782-[1785]. 1782-?1785 NLS MS.8432
Letter-book of Lieut.-Colonel David Robertson containing copies of letters written mostly from Colombo, 1802-1804. 1802-1804 NLS MS.3971
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part I, 1776. 1776 NLS MS.8413
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part II, 1776-1781. 1776-1781 NLS MS.8414
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part III, 1778. 1778 NLS MS.8415
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part IV, 1779-1780. 1779-1780 NLS MS.8416
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part V, 1779-1780. 1779-1780 NLS MS.8418
Letters and papers concerning the arrest of George Pigot, Governor of Madras, in 1776, and the subsequent court-martial of James Stuart. Part VI, 1780. 1780 NLS MS.8419
Letters and papers of the family of Allan Ramsay, the painter, 1771-1829. 1771-1829 NLS MS.2903
Letters and papers of the family of Allan Ramsay, the painter, 1834-1859. 1834-1859 NLS MS.2904
Letters chiefly to Walter Scott, Chief Engineer of Sind and son of Sir Walter's brother Thomas, 1799-1863, n.d. 1799-1863 NLS MS.3867
Letters of the 2nd Lord Melville entitled 'Bengal', 1807-1812. 1807-1812 NLS MS.1063
Letters of the Brown family on military campaigns and regimental life in India, 1802-1857. 1802-1857 NLS MS.1855
Letters of Colonel Richard Baird Smith to his family on life in India, 1843-1861, n.d. 1843-1861 NLS MS.10983
Letters of Dundas to Cornwallis and his successors as Governor General of India, 1786-1799. 1786-1799 NLS MS.3387
Letters of Edmund Burke relating to Warren Hastings and other material, 1771-1838. 1771-1838 NLS MS.16
Letters of Florence Baird Smith to her husband, written while in India and Scotland, 1855-1861, n.d. 1855-1861 NLS MS.10984
Letters of General Robert Alexander, The 1st Viscount Hardinge and John Fryer Thomas, largely concerning India, 1843-1861. 1843-1861 NLS MS.14453
Letters of the Grant family on life in India, 1847-1855. 1847-1855 NLS MS.17902
Letters of the Grant family on life in India, 1848-1860. 1848-1860 NLS MS.17901
Letters of John Brown, 27th Bengal N.I., on current events in India and other letters regarding his death, 1845-1855. 1845-1855 NLS MS.1856
Letters of Major Francis William Brown on current events in India, opinion in the army and leisure activities, 1850-1859. 1850-1859 NLS MS.1857
Letters of Major Francis William Brown on current events in India, opinion in the army and leisure activities, 1860-1870. 1860-1870 NLS MS.1858
Letters of Major-General James Stuart on political and military events in India, 1776-1780. 1776-1780 NLS MS.8252
Letters of Major-General James Stuart on political and military events in India, 1781-1782. 1781-1782 NLS MS.8253
Letters of Major-General James Stuart on political and military events in India, 1782-1790. 1782-1790 NLS MS.8254
Letters on India, regimental affairs, the Indian Uprising and other matters, 1783-1858. 1783-1858 NLS MS.2257
Letters to the 10th Marquess of Tweeddale concerning the Indian Uprising and other papers relating to India and Russia. 1857-1871 NLS MS.14469
Letters to Andrew Hunter, owner of a coffee estate in Ceylon, from fellow planters and merchants, 1862-1865. 1862-1865 NLS MS.19722
Letters to India Governments of Sir Thomas Cochrane, 1842-1845. 1842-1845 NLS MS.2420
Letters, 1782-1787, to Commodore George Johnstone, who was elected a director of the East India Company in 1783. 1782-1787 NLS MS.9246
Lord Cornwallis: letters to Mr. Dundas, 1786-1794. 1786-1794 NLS MS.3385
A manual of astrological computations with numerous diagrams and mythological figures, written in 1788. 1788 NLS Adv.MS.81.1.6
Military administrative papers of the Madras Presidency, 1782-1783. n.d. NLS MS.8428
Nineteenth-century manuscript of 'Ishqnama-i Gulbadan o Naunihal', the Loves of Naunihal and Gulbadan, a Dakkani (Urdu) poem composed by Amhed Ali, ca. 1200 A.H. (1785 A.D.). 1785 NLS MS.5784
Notebook containing a typescript account, made by the 10th Marquess of Tweeddale in 1907, of 'The So-called Panic at Simla - May 1857'. 1857, 1907 NLS MS.14536
Notebook in the hand of Andrew Stuart, containing an 'Index to letters rec. from my Brother since the time of his setting out for India...', 1776-1779. 1776-1779 NLS MS.8255
Notebook of James Stuart, 1775, containing a statement of his financial affairs prior to his departure from India. 1775 NLS MS.8434
Notebook of James Stuart, 1780, mainly containing miscellaneous information about Indian officials, and descriptions of places he visited. 1780 NLS MS.8435
Notebook of James Stuart, labelled 'No 3', one of the series he compiled before sailing for India, 1775. 1775 NLS MS.8436
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 1, 1767-1772. 1767-1772 NLS MS.5381
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 2, 1762-1775. 1762-1775 NLS MS.5382
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 3, 1774-1775. 1774-1775 NLS MS.5383
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 4, 1773. 1773 NLS MS.5384
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 5, 1773-1774. 1773-1774 NLS MS.5385
Notebook of James Stuart. No. 6, 1765-1775. 1765-1775 NLS MS.5386
Official correspondence sent by Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell, of Inverneil, to Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, mostly during the former's Governorship of Madras (1786-9), 1776-1794. 1776-1794 NLS MS.3839
Official correspondence sent by Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell, of Inverneil, to Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, mostly during the former's Governorship of Madras (1786-9), 1785-1787. 1785-1787 NLS MS.3837
Official correspondence sent by Major-General Sir Archibald Campbell, of Inverneil, to Henry Dundas, 1st Viscount Melville, mostly during the former's Governorship of Madras (1786-9), 1787-1788. 1787-1788 NLS MS.3838
Painting by a Jaipur artist, ca.1820, of the Emperor Aurungzeb watching a fight between a lion and an elephant. c.1820 NLS MS.16487
Painting of the Krishna Avatar by Kapur Singh, ca.1865. c.1865 NLS MS.16490
Painting of a potter and his family by a Tanjore artist, ca.1850. c.1850 NLS MS.16489
Papers by General Stuart, Basil Cochrane and others relating to the government of Madras and other issues, 1782-1783. 1782-1783 NLS MS.8410
Papers concerning people seeking military and civic posts in India and Directors and people connected with the home establishment, 1782-1828. 1782-1828 NLS MS.1074
Papers concerning the rice magazine at Pulicat, 1782-1783. 1782-1783 NLS MS.8426
Papers of Archibald Seton covering the period of his life spent in India, 1782-1818. 1782-1818 NLS MS.19208
Papers of Basil Cochrane relating to Ingeram, 1780, and Vizagapatam, 1776-1787. 1776-1787 NLS MS.8458
Papers of Colonel George Cadell of the Madras Native Infantry, and of the firm of Arbuthnot and Co., merchants and agents in Madras, 1814-1837. 1814-1837 NLS MS.9861
Papers of Dundas on government and military affairs in India, 1778-1828. 1778-1828 NLS MS.1060
Papers of Dundas on the Malay Archipelago and Pacific Islands, 1762-1811, n.d., and on a treaty with Holland, 1787. 1762-1811 NLS MS.1068
Papers of George Smith on the tea trade and China and other papers, 1781-1823. 1781-1823 NLS MS.1069
Papers of James Stuart on government and military affairs in India, 1777-1785. n.d. NLS MS.8425
Papers of James Taylor, planter in Ceylon, 1849-1892. 1849-1892 NLS MS.15908
Papers of the Rev. Robert Kilgour, missionary of the Church of Scotland in Darjeeling, India (from 1889 to 1909), 1897, n.d. 1897 NLS MS.20487
Papers of Sir Hugh McPherson containing notes on Himalayan expeditions and autobiographical notes, 1888-1921, n.d. 1888-1921 NLS MS.19611
Papers on trade and the debts of the Nawab of the Carnatic, 1787-1812. 1787-1812 NLS MS.1064
Papers, 1787, of the proceedings at Basil Cochrane's trial for the murder of his servant, with copies of depositions, interrogations, etc. 1787 NLS MS.8460
Persian astrological calendar in a Naskh hand. n.d. NLS MS.5783
Plan for the naval defence of British India, 1771-1796. 1771-1796 NLS MS.1067
Printed material associated with the Pigot Case, 1777-1778. 1777-1778 NLS MS.8424
Printed matter relating to the Zhob Valley expedition, 1890-1891. 1890-1891 NLS MS.2555
Reminiscences of George Anderson on indigo farming in India. n.d. NLS ACC. 9969
Routes to India by the Red Sea and overland, the possibilities of a French or Russian attack on India from the north-west and other papers, 1790-1827. 1790-1827 NLS MS.1071
Scrapbook of the 10th Marquess of Tweeddale concerning India and general politics. n.d. NLS MS.14537
Sri-lingaraja-devasya prasadani' by Madhusudana Misra, ca. 1925. c.1925 NLS MS.19617
The Tea Assistant in Cachar by D. Foulis, ca. 1870. c.1870 NLS MS.9659
Transcript of the proceedings at James Stuart's court-martial, 12 December, 1780. 1780 NLS MS.8421
Typescripts with manuscript corrections of 'A journey through Bihar', a broadcast talk to schools by Sir Hugh McPherson, with related correspondence, 1930-1 and 'The Aboriginal races of the Chota Nagpur plateau', an address to the Royal Anthropological Institute, Edinburgh, 1931. 1930-1931 NLS MS.19615
A volume inscribed "Copies of letters &c relative to the fate of the Europeans at Futtehghur" during the Indian Uprising 1857. 1857 NLS MS.20206
Watercolour, ca.1810, of a woman of pariah caste carrying a loaded basket. c.1810 NLS MS.16486